Software development

The 4 Stages Of Team Development & How To Make It Through Them

At the last moment, Daisy also suggests they grow 20 sq feet of broccoli. They’re all really excited about the prospect of having access to fresh vegetables every day — they understand the benefits such a project would have for their family’s everyday meals. The position of this unofficial leader may also be occupied by the strongest authority figure in the team. They are also overly positive about the project, because it’s new, and new is always exciting. Tuckman only added the fifth and final stage in 1977, together with Mary Ann C. Jensen who had previously reviewed his original paper. The Performing Stage — mainly characterized by overall synergy.

With this method, you can invite your group to identify small changes they can make now and work towards better working practices as both individuals and a team. This is a structured process designed for teams to explore the way they work together. The tight structure supports team members to be open and honest in their assessment. After reflecting as individuals, the team builds a collective map which can serve as the basis for further discussions and actions.

These stages are steps in the team building process and are similar to team building best practices. Keep in mind that no one person needs to be responsible for the team. Project management duties can be shared, with different members taking responsibilities for each stage of the project. Questions around leadership, authority, rules, policies, norms, responsibilities, structure, evaluation criteria and reward systems tend to arise during the storming stage. Such questions need to be answered so that the group can move further on to the next stage. In the Norming stage, collaboration and trust are second nature.

By including the team in this process, buy-in and follow through on these guidelines is improved while also giving space for effective reflection on previous conflicts. All teams are made up of individuals with varying skill sets, perspectives, and needs. As groups work together, conflicts in thinking, approach, or working practices can and will arise. After delineating the roles of everyone in the team, it’s important to clarify expectations for how they should work autonomously and together. This exercise is an effective way of clarifying how your team should work together while also setting clear expectations around personal responsibility, reporting, and individual action.

Focus on building a shared understanding across your team and with stakeholders. During the norming stage, you really want to give the team a wide berth as the members find their way to the performing stage. It’s not unusual for some members of the group to propel the team back, at least temporarily, into storming. Map out a visual representation—an infographic or a slide deck—of the team’s progress so far. This helps everyone realize that even though they are just getting started, and there is some tension in the air, they are working toward a common goal.

Every individual will gain a shared idea of what the group has been through together. Use this exercise at the end of a project or program as a way to reinforce learnings, celebrate highlights and create closure. In fact, moving from Norming to Performing often involves further refinement and reappraisal of working methods as your team grows and develops. You can foster the empathetic capacity of participants to “walk in the shoes” of others. Many situations do not have immediate answers or clear resolutions.

Orientation Forming Stage

Share a link to these meeting notes afterwards so that everyone has access and can review it later. Organize the agenda so that each team member what are the stages of team development has five to ten minutes to talk through their insights and ideas. Allow extra time to review the ideas the team shares and to answer questions.

what are the stages of team development

She proposes a clear schedule and takes charge of contacting the local store to see what supplies they can get here, and what supplies they may need to go to the city for. She wants to go to the city to buy seeds because they cannot get the broccoli seed she wants in the local store. Instead, they adopt an open exchange of ideas and opinions and learn about what it’s really like to work together. This can lead to conflict, disputes, and competition, depending on how their expectations, workflows, ideas, and opinions differ. At this initial stage, a glimpse of a future project leader may emerge, as the person who possesses the largest knowledge about the project’s subject takes unofficial charge.

Key Actions To Support Storming

(Sadly, not a perfect rhyme.) Once a project ends, the team disbands. This phase is sometimes known as mourning because members have grown close and feel a loss now that the experience is over. The first stage of team development is forming, which is a lot like orientation day at college or a new job. It can be tempting to avoid conflict, but doing so doesn’t help team building. A team that works together to resolve issues will trust each other more.

what are the stages of team development

Full knowledge of the skills that everyone brings to the table, like development, web design, marketing, or product knowledge. This background will help the team solve problems faster and get the right information to the correct person on the first try. If this phase is not carefully managed it can get out of control and be destructive to the effectiveness of the team. It is especially important for team members to manage this phase with patience and tolerance. The diversity and differences of the team members should be emphasized as well as a common goal.

How To Prepare For A Skip Level Meeting

For some groups, the idea of getting to know you activities elicits a collective groan. Overly prescriptive or unimaginative exercises can frustrate a team, particularly if it’s not https://globalcloudteam.com/ their first rodeo. In this activity from Hyper Island, group members create their own questions on post-its and trade them with other group members as they mingle and break the ice.

what are the stages of team development

Your teams will soon learn that conflict is not to be feared, and that they have the tools to find a productive compromise. When your marketing team is remote, you can hire the most talented people regardless of where they’re located geographically. But you have to find a way to make sure team members are aligned and on the same page. Teams cannot exist indefinitely if there is overarching goal to achieve.

You don’t wait to be told how to do your job – you determine the best way to meet your objectives and get on with it. For example, let’s say you are heading up a group in your marketing department dedicated to the launch of a food product for a new client. About half of the members of your creative team are full-time workers who know each other well and have been with the company for years. The other half are remote freelancers hired for this specific campaign. No one among the group of independent talent has worked with anyone from the company before. Because you’re managing a distributed team, a big focus will be on boosting collaboration between employees and freelancers.

Generally, when organizations form teams, these organizations have specific projects or goals in mind. While all phases of team building are important, many leaders consider storming to be the most important stage of team development. During the storming stage, team members encounter initial obstacles and master conflict resolution. This is one of the most crucial points for building trust and forming resilient relationships. Storming can be a difficult to manage part of the process, as it’s often where conflict, differences of opinion, and accepted norms can be challenged.

Tuckman’s model of team development recognizes that groups don’t form spontaneously or immediately. Rather, they develop through clearly defined stages, eventually transitioning from strangers with singular ambitions to a dynamic group of collaborators with a like-minded focus. The team is already accustomed to each other’s workflows, and most future disputes and conflicts generally become easier to overcome. The official team leader takes a back seat much more than in the previous stages, and the individual team members are given their chance to shine. As the group starts to familiarize themselves, roles and responsibilities will begin to form. It is important for team members to develop relationships and understand what part each person plays.

Key Actions To Support Forming

As new tasks arise, groups may still experience a few conflicts. If you’ve already dealt with disagreement before, it will probably be easier to address this time. During the norming stage, people start to notice and appreciate their team members’ strengths.

  • It can be riddled with conflict as the individual personalities and work styles clash within the team.
  • Have an all-hands meeting to introduce all of these players, including remote team members , so everyone knows where to go for answers.
  • His method originally only comprised four stages of team development until 1977, when he teamed with doctoral student Mary Ann Jensen to add a fifth stage.
  • ResourcesBlogLeadership, productivity, and meeting insights to fast-track your way to being a great leader.
  • While a number of these changes are to the benefit of the workforce, it can make team development more challenging for managers.
  • Chiefs of StaffTrack key takeaways from executive meetings, enhance alignment across scaling teams, and amplify the CEO’s communication to help the company flourish.

The forming stage of team development is the first step in team bonding. In this initial stage, group members gather and learn more about each other. Though some people might refer to the forming stage as “the honeymoon stage” of team building, it more closely resembles a first date.

Stage #3

There is a high degree of learning in this phase as members learn about each other, the mission, and their place within the team. Because there is a high degree of unfamiliarity among team members there is high uncertainty and low conflict. Team members are generally on their best behavior, and tend to behave independently. Managers can adapt to this new reality by being more deliberate and proactive about guiding team development and team building. A continuous improvement mindset is the enemy of the status quo. Providing consistent feedback prevents team stagnation because everyone is always striving to do and be better.

Norming, The Third Stage Of Team Development:

It’s a great opportunity to reflect on your accomplishments and think about what you learned. In addition to handling conflicts, you’ll need to determine workflows, follow them, and constantly tweak and improve them as you go along. They’re also sad that they won’t get to see each other on a regular basis, as they’ve grown quite close.

Performing

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Leadership, power, and structural issues dominate this stage. The initial forming stage is the process of putting the structure of the team together. Team members feel ambiguous and conflict is avoided at all costs due to the need to be accepted into the group. Team members look to a group leader for direction and guidance, usually CORAL project guides. At the end of the project, set up an online meeting where team members come together to discuss the entire project, from the successes to the frustrations. Ask them to prepare examples beforehand outlining what worked and what didn’t, and then give each person five minutes to share their thoughts.

These five stages advance as a team works together, but especially when a team brings awareness to their dynamic. In the end, they sell the garden, and go their separate ways, capping off the project as a complete success in every way. If the team members have grown attached to the project, they may even mourn the fact that the project is ending and that they need to move on to work on other projects.

For many managers, the most challenging part of their job is dealing with employees and effectively holding them accountable when they aren’t achieving their goals. Kimberly Douglas, expert team effectiveness facilitator teaches that when faced with a challenge or frustration of some kind, we each have a choice on how to handle it at that moment. You will learn how to ask yourself better questions that lead to more productive decisions, better results, a better sense of well-being, and a feeling of control over the situation. Stage of team development, consensus and cooperation have been well-established, and the team resembles a mature, organized, and well-functioning machine. With a clear and stable structure, members can fully commit to the team’s objectives and constructively address problems and conflicts when they arise. The four team development stages we mapped out provide the perfect framework to achieving high performing teams.

The Stages Of Team Development

The norming stage is the time where the group becomes a cohesive unit. Morale is high as group members actively acknowledge the talents, skills and experience that each member brings to the group. A sense of community is established and the group remains focused on the group’s purpose and goal.

If the team is a standing committee with ongoing responsibility, members may be replaced by new people and the team can go back to a forming or storming stage and repeat the development process. Your remote teams will go through the 5 stages of team development whether or not they have your guidance, but you can accelerate their progress when you know how to support them along the way. When you can identify which development phase your teams are in, it’s much easier to provide exactly the direction they need so they feel more focused and connected.

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